New reports on the presence of immigrants in metropolitan areas are now online, prepared by the Directorate General of Immigration and Integration Policies of the Ministry of Employment and Welfare with the support of Anpal Servizi SpA.
The analysis of the data as at the First of January 2017 highlighted the main aspects of the social and employment integration of migrants nationwide, in a scenario characterized by significant differences in terms of geography and population density. The dimensions discussed include socio-demographic aspects, those relative to pathways to integrate foreign children and second generations, and the employment and business status of immigrants. The metropolitan areas considered were Bologna, Florence, Genoa, Milan, Naples, Palermo, Rome capital, Turin, and Venice. For this edition, the information available did not allow a detailed analysis of the other metropolitan areas (Bari, Cagliari, Catania, Messina, and Reggio Calabria), whose main data are nonetheless shown in the Summary Report.
The presence of the 3,714,137 non-EU nationals residing legally in Italy is characterized by a greater concentration in the North (62%), followed by the Centre (24.2%) and the South (13.9%). Milan and Rome accommodate more than a fifth of them: these areas have seen requests for or renewals of residence permits, respectively, of 12% and 9.3% for non-EU nationals. They are followed by Turin, Florence, Naples and Bologna with percentages ranging between 2.3% and 3.2%, while the other metropolitan cities accommodate less than 2%.
The various metropolitan areas are often characterized by the presence of a specific migrant community: for example, Bari has many Albanian citizens (a third of the non-EU nationals not present in the metropolitan area). The Ecuadorian community shows a significant presence in Genoa (26.2%), that of Sri Lanka in Messina (24.8%); in Turin there is an important number of Moroccan nationals (23.7%), while in Naples there is a major Ukrainian community (23.8%).
In metropolitan cities more geographically exposed to unplanned flows there is a high incidence of people under international protection. In Catania 36.7% of the non-EU nationals are legally resident (an increased incidence of 33 percentage points in the last 7 years). This followed by Reggio Calabria with 36% (+26 percentage points since 2015) and Bari with 26.7% (+14.4 points in 7 years). Instead, residence permits issued for family reasons represent about half of the total number in cities such as Bologna, Turin and Venice (respectively 48%, 45% and 44.9%).
The employment rate among non-EU nationals fluctuates, from the 49.3% found in Reggio Calabria, to the 69.1% of the metropolitan area of Rome. The unemployment rate is lowest in Rome (9.9%) and greatest in Genoa (25.8%); with reference to the rate of inactivity, Genoa and Rome have the lowest values, while Reggio Calabria, Venice and Palermo have the highest.
In Milan, Florence and Rome, there is the highest incidence of non-EU nationals among owners of individual businesses (respectively 24.9%, 20.9% and 19.5%). Rome, Milan and Naples are the metropolitan cities with the highest number in absolute terms of individual firms with non-EC ownership (respectively 36,110, 32,210 and 17,560).
All the reports on the presence of migrants in metropolitan cities (2016 and 2017 editions) and the relevant summaries are available on the Migrant Integration Portal (www.integrazionemigranti.gov.it), the institutional site of the Ministry of Employment and Welfare (www.lavoro.gov.it) and the site of Anpal Servizi SpA (www.anpalservizi.it).
(21 May 2018)